IMPACT ON BIODIVERSITY
The unplanned deployment of photovoltaic plants on a territory can have a major impact on biodiversity. The use of solar energy requires a large amount of space, so its development can lead to the loss and/or fragmentation of valuable habitats and, therefore, can have a severe impact on animal and plant species, on the ecosystem and on the services it provides us with.
In California, where there is a significant solar energy development, it is estimated that 12.5 million birds will die over the next 25 years due to habitat loss or death by collision
Smallwood 2022, Journal of Wildlife Management, 86: e22216; https://doi.org/10.1002/jwmg.22216
All in all, it is necessary to know in detail the distribution of steppe birds in Campo de Tabernas, their habitat requirements and how photovoltaic plants affect them. This knowledge will make it possible to plan and manage the implementation of solar energy with the lowest possible impact on these species.
The large land occupation required by solar power plants has an impact on the landscape, cultural heritage, soil, and traditional and sustainable agricultural and livestock uses, with the socio-economic implications that each of these has.
Following the European Landscape Convention, Ambiosolar considers the landscape “as a fundamental element of the human environment, as an expression of the diversity of its common cultural and natural heritage, and as a foundation of its identity”. Accordingly, our study of the landscape includes its cultural condition, its ecological structure and its status as a provider of ecosystem services (the benefits that an ecosystem brings to society).
Given the surface and landscape predominance of agriculture and livestock farming in the study area, Ambiosolar will assess the impact of photovoltaic plants on the socio-economic importance of agricultural and livestock farming landscapes, specifically looking at the jobs and income that may be lost due to the disappearance of farmland. These studies will be complemented by a participatory analysis of the values of the region and the conflicts involved in the deployment of photovoltaic infrastructure in Campo de Tabernas.